Zambia is a landlocked state in southern Africa with estimated population of 9.7 million. About half of the population is urbanised with the majority of the urban population living in the capital Lusaka and around the Copperbelt towns on the northern border. The country consists of plateau terrain with lake and swamp area such as the Bangweulu and the Luangwa basins in the far north. Zambia has moderate tropical climate, rainfall is during summer (November - April).

There are many ethnic groups in Zambia, all of whom are Bantu-speaking peoples. The major groups are the Bemba in the northwest; the Nyanja in the east; the Tonga in the south and Lozi in the west. Over 80 indigenous languages have been identified, seven of which are recognized as national languages. However English is the sole official language. The majority of the population professes Christianity and the remainder are followers of indigenous beliefs. Christianity was promulgated as the official state religion in 1996. Most of the country’s inhabitants live in the cities and towns along the rail line from Livingstone to the Copperbelt; as a result, rural density is comparatively low.

Zambia’s abundant copper deposits were discovered in the late 1920s and since then copper has been the major source of employment and foreign exchange earnings. The fall of copper prices since the 1970s saw the decline of the industry. However, copper still dominates in Zambia’s exports. Other mineral exploited include cobalt, zinc, lead, gold, silver, selenium, marbles, emeralds and amethysts. Agriculture plays a major role in Zambia’s economy. The subsistence sector tends to increase size, but focuses mainly on livestock and staple foods such as maize, sorghum, millet, wheat and soya beans. In addition, commercial farmers produce cattle and cash crops such as tobacco, seed cotton, fresh flowers and groundnuts. Tourism is not a major player in the economy, but with 30% of land set aside for nature conservation, the tourism industry is destined to grow

Present-day Zambia was in prehistoric times sparsely inhabited by hunter-gatherers and later iron-working pastoralists. Cultivators began to arrive about three centuries before the advent of the Christian era. The kingdoms of the Luba, Lunda, Bemba and Jozi emerged around the 15th century and were later destabilised by Arab and Portuguese traders and by the influx of the fugitive from the upheavals initiated by the Zulu kingdom in present day South Africa.

Zambia also offers a wide range of hi-action activities from the legendary Walking Safari deep in the wilderness, to world class River Rafting, Bungi into the deep gorge below the Victoria Falls, Abseiling, Canoeing Safaris down the Zambezi, River Surfing, excellent Tiger Fishing and breath-taking African sunsets. Check these sites for more information http://www.zambiatourism.com and http://zambia.safari.co.za

 

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