The Land of Kilimanjaro, Zanzibar and the Serengeti

Tanzania covers about 945 000km2, with a population estimated at 35 million including about 900 000 people in Zanzibar. Its surface area includes the southern half of Lake Victoria, eastern half of Lake Tanganyika and other smaller lakes in the country. Tanzania borders on the Lake Malawi in the far south. The interior of Tanzania is plateau land with an average elevation of 1 200m above sea-level. Mount Kilimanjaro, on the border with Kenya is the highest point in Africa (5 895m). Lake Tanganyika is the world’s second deepest water lake (1 433m).

In addition there are islands and islets along the 1 400km Indian Ocean coast with a total area of 3 000km2. The most prominent of these islands are the north of Dar es Salaam, including the densely populated Zanzibar group, comprising the main islands of Unguja (1 660 km2) and Pemba (984km2); the island’s main town is Zanzibar Town situated on Unguja Island, which often referred to as Zanzibar Island. Along the coast, south of Dar es Salaam, is the sparsely populated Mafia Island, which is predominantly a fishing resort, and the historic Kilwa Island, further south.

Tanzania has roughly 120 ethnic groups, the majority of these being Bantu-speaking groups. The largest single Bantu-speaking group is the Sukuma accounting for 13% of the population. Amongst the non Bantu-speaking group are Nilotes. Arab and Indian influences are common along the Indian Ocean coast and in Zanzibar. The population is divided between Christianity and Islam. The Muslim population is concentrated in Dar es Salaam and on the coastal islands; about a third of the population profess ethnic beliefs while most Indians adhere to Hinduism or Islam. Kiswahili is spoken all through the country and in an official language besides English.

1. Ngorongoro Crater 2. Serengeti National Park 3. Zanzibar and Pemba 4. Tarangire National Park 5. Lake Manyara National Park 6. Mt. Kilimanjaro
7. Selous Game Reserve 8. Ruaha National Park 9. Mafia Island 10. Mt. Meru

For while Tanzania’s most famous and world-renowned destinations are the highlights that bring visitors from around the globe, there’s much more to see and do than most people think. Whatever your desire - Tanzania has it all. Learn more here and

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