"If the palm of the hand itches it signifies the coming of great luck." – Sotho Proverb

Lesotho, officially the Kingdom of Lesotho - is a small land and the most locked country in the world by virtue of it being totally surrounded by South Africa, is home to the Basotho people, who dominantly constitute 99.7 percent of the population. It is just over 30,000 km2 (11,583 sq mi) in size with a population of approximately 2,067,000. Its capital and largest city is Maseru. Lesotho is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The name “Lesotho” translates roughly into “the land of the people who speak Sesotho”. It is divided into ten districts, i.e. Berea, Butha-Buthe, Leribe, Mafeteng, Maseru, Mohale's Hoek, Mokhotlong, Qacha's Nek, Quthing and Thaba-Tseka.

Lesotho was named after the indigenous Basotho people, whose own name means "black" or "dark-skinned". Most Basotho still live high on the mountains where horses are the major form of transportation and have relatively little contact with the outside world. The name Lesotho translates roughly into the land of the people who speak Sesotho. Clan leader King Moshoeshoe I, who lived from 1786 until 1870, brought them together for self-defence when the mountainous region came under attack by King Shaka, the Zulu leader, and others.

The Kingdom of Lesotho owes its origin to the genius of King Moshoeshoe I (pronounced Moshweshwe). During the widespread dispersal of the Sesotho-speaking people, from about 600 years ago, Moshoeshoe’s ancestors were among various Sotho groups who came to live in south of the Vaal River in what is now South Africa’s Free State Province. Moshoeshoe was the eldest son of the chief of Bamokoteli clan (a subgroup of Bakwena) and, like his father, he took as his principal wife the daughter of the chief of a neighbouring Bafokeng clan, this marriage started subsequent Basotho royal lineage. Colonialism and the quest for economic survival, however, brought fundamental change and created divisions in the Basotho society, which has largely been responsible for the kingdom’s failure – following the restoration of independence in 1966-to make democracy work. Before the advent of the colonial era, the Basotho of Lesotho had achieved a remarkable degree of national unity and stability in an independent and well-organized state.

Places to see and things to do:

Gateway to the Maluti in Northern Lesotho, The Roof of Africa in Eastern Lesotho, Spectacular lakes and landscapes in Central Highlands
Treasure House of History in South-West Lesotho. Check this site for more info http://www.seelesotho.com

South Africa Lesotho