"Do not look where the harvest is plentiful, but where the people are kind." – Tswana Proverb

Botswana, a country named after the country's largest ethnic group, the Batswana, is bordered by the Republic of South Africa to its south, Zimbabwe to its east, Zambia as its northern neighbour and the Caprivi strip of Namibia on its western border. Its indigenous population includes members of the Bantu and Khoisan groups. The Bantu speakers include the Batswana, closely related to the Kgalagadi, Kalanga, Mbukushu, Herero, Mbanderu and other groups such as San (Hottentots and Bushman). It is home to The Okavango Delta, the world's largest inland delta and the Kalahari Desert.

Diamonds have ostensibly brought prosperity to this land of flora and fauna, but it’s national motto (and name of the currency) is Pula, meaning ‘rain’, a vital element in that arid environment. Robert Curry's book, ‘Poverty and Mass Unemployment in Mineral-Rich Botswana’, mentions that this country has been the world's fastest-growing economy since 1970 with a population of only about 2 million people but expected to decline to 1.3 million in 2015 due to poverty, unemployment and disease. Like most African countries, Botswana is still a new state having gained their independence from colonial rule in September 30, 1966.

The official language of Botswana is English although Setswana is widely spoken across the country. In Setswana prefixes are more important than they are in many other languages. These prefixes include "Bo", which refers to the country, "Ba", which refers to the people, "Mo", which is one person, and "Se" which is the language. For example, the main tribe, Batswana people, hence the name Botswana for its country. The people as a whole are Batswana, one person is a Motswana, and the language they speak is Setswana. The Batswana of Botswana form part of the larger Tswana grouping (totalling over 5 million people), of whom the majority, some 3, 8 million, live in South Africa. An indicator of how whole peoples were nonchalantly separated by the creation of colonial borders at the infamous Berlin Conference in 1884.The largest of the Batswana sub-group in Botswana are the Ngwato (Bamangwato), followed by the Kwena (Bakwena), and Ngwaketse (Bangwaketse).

Be sure to visit these places

From the ancient baobabs of the Makgadikgadi & Nxai Pans, the vast open land of the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, the sand dunes of the Kgalagadi, to the savannah grasslands of Chobe National Park and the Mophane woodland of the Tuli Game Reserve there is a wide variety of wildlife in Botswana. However it is in the Okavango Delta and Moremi Game Reserve that visitors will find unforgettable beauty. Read more here http://www.botswana-places.co.za

 

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